Information pertaining to names, addresses, physical description and vehicles are made public via official websites. This proposed register has received support from both the ruling National Party and the opposition Labour Party. A bill to create a publicly accessible registry for domestic violence offenders passed the Texas House of Representatives in , but was not voted on in the Texas Senate. United Kingdom[ edit ] In the United Kingdom, the Violent and Sex Offender Register ViSOR is a database of records of those required to register with the Police under the Sexual Offences Act , those jailed for more than 12 months for violent offences, and unconvicted people thought to be at risk of offending. These crimes are rarely reported in the media or prosecuted. Thus, identical offenses committed in different states could produce very different outcomes in terms of public disclosure and registration period. Some states scientifically evaluate the future risk of the offender and hide low-risk offenders from public. The Human Rights Watch organization criticized these laws in a page report published in ,  and in another report in The thought of getting on the sex offender registry may or may not deter non-sex offenders from committing sex crimes.
Sex offender registries in the United States Sign at the limits of Wapello, Iowa ; sex offender-free districts appeared as a result of Megan's Law. Like the Australian and British registers, the New Zealand sex offenders register will not be accessible to the general public but only to officials with security clearance. Some states appear to apply "catch-all" statutes for former registrants moving into their jurisdiction, requiring registration and public posting of information, even when the person has completed their original registration period. These crimes are rarely reported in the media or prosecuted. However, many have lapsed back into homelessness, sleeping alongside railroad tracks. Information pertaining to names, addresses, physical description and vehicles are made public via official websites. Texas has not released anyone in the 15 years since the program was started. These disparities in state legislation have caused unexpected problems to some registrants when moving from state to another, finding themselves subject to public disclosure on their destination state's sex offender website, and longer registration periods sometimes for life , even though they originally were excluded from public registry and required to register for a shorter period. Despite the public perception of sex offenders as having high recidivism, sex offenders had the second lowest recidivism rate, after only murderers, but sex offenders were about four times more likely than non-sex offenders to be arrested for another sex crime after their discharge from prison. All 50 states and District of Columbia maintain registries that are open to public via sex offender registration websites, although some registered sex offenders are visible to law enforcement only. This made Agan question whether creating sex offender registries was a rational idea. The public does not have access to the registry; it is available to employers of people who work with children or mentally disabled people, to authorities responsible for licensing institutions that care for children or mentally disabled people, and to those responsible for approving foster care and adoptions. It records the details of anyone convicted of a sexual offence against a child or a mentally disabled person. In some jurisdictions, they cannot live within a certain distance of places children or families gather. Some sex offenders may come to view their central identity as being that of a sex offender due to the registry, and the more a sex offender views themselves as being a criminal the more likely they are to reoffend. In other states, offenders are categorized according to the tier level related to statute of conviction. A majority of states apply systems based on conviction offenses only, where sex offender registration is mandatory if person pleads or is found guilty of violating any of the listed offenses. In some US jurisdictions, the level of offender is reflecting the evaluated recidivism risk of the individual offender, while in others, the level is designated merely by the virtue of conviction, without assessing the risk level posed by the offender. In general, in states applying risk-based registry schemes, low-risk Tier I offenders are often excluded from the public disclosure. In , a murder registry was proposed in Rhode Island and an animal abuser registry was proposed in Pennsylvania. Civil right groups,   law reform activists,    academics,   some child safety advocates,       politicians  and law enforcement officials  think that current laws often target the wrong people, swaying attention away from high-risk sex offenders, while severely impacting lives of all registrants,     and their families,   attempting to re-integrate to society. However, in other localities, the complete lists are not available to the general public but are known to the police. Thus, identical offenses committed in different states could produce very different outcomes in terms of public disclosure and registration period. Some states have Civic Confinement laws, which allow very-high-risk sex offenders to be placed in secure facilities, "in many ways like prisons", where they are supposed to be offered treatment and regularly reevaluated for possible release. There are several gaps in this policy noted by members of the Caribbean Committee against Sex Crimes, most notably that the registry only deals with offenses committed within the Jurisdiction of Trinidad and Tobago.
Video about do sex offender registration and notification laws affect criminal behavior:
'It's been hell,' convicted sex offender speaks about registry
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